Ablation of atrial fibrillation and dementia risk reduction during long-term follow-up: a nationwide population-based study

Guan Yi Li, Yun Yu Chen, Yenn Jiang Lin*, Kuo Liong Chien, Yu Cheng Hsieh, Fa Po Chung, Li Wei Lo, Shih Lin Chang, Tze Fan Chao, Yu Feng Hu, Chin Yu Lin, Shih Ann Chen

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

5 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Aims This study investigated the epidemiological characteristics of new-onset dementia in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and the association of catheter ablation with different subtypes of dementia. Methods and results We conducted a population-based, retrospective cohort study using data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. In total, 136 774 patients without a history of dementia were selected after 1:1 propensity score matching based on age (with AF vs. without AF). A competing risk model was used to investigate the three subtypes of dementia: Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, and other/mixed dementia. Inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) was performed to minimize the impact on dementia risk due to the imbalanced baseline characteristics. After a median follow-up period of 6.6 years, 8704 events of new-onset dementia occurred. Among all AF patients developing dementia, 73% were classified as having Alzheimer’s disease, 16% as having vascular dementia, and 11% as having other/mixed dementia. The cumulative incidence of dementia in AF patients was higher than those without AF (log-rank test: P < 0.001 for both before and after IPTW). In patients with AF undergoing catheter ablation, the total dementia risk decreased significantly [P = 0.015, hazard ratio (HR): 0.74, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.58–0.94] after multivariable adjustment, but not for the subtype of vascular dementia (P = 0.59, HR: 0.86, 95% CI: 0.49–1.50). Conclusion Patients with AF have a higher incidence of all types of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, and a mixed type of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is less likely to occur in patients with AF undergoing catheter ablation.

原文English
文章編號euad109
期刊Europace
25
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 5月 2023

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