This paper proposed a holographic optical element as a see-through screen for the computer-generated hologram projection system with 3D images. The proposed holographic screen consisted of a linear grating and a lens phase. The linear grating is used to redirect the information light and guide information into the observer’s eye and achieve the see-through function. The lens phase is used to magnify the field of view of the holographic projection system. The aberration caused by the screen was analyzed in this paper and the aberration can be pre-corrected in the hologram calculation algorithm. Finally, the proposed system achieved 20.3 by 14.3 degrees field of view at 532 nm laser based on the spatial light modulator with 6.4 µm pixels.