A Shift in Molecular Drivers of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Following the 2017 World Health Organization Classification: Characterization of 554 Consecutive Tumors With Emphasis on BRAF-Negative Cases

Jen Fan Hang, Jui Yu Chen, Po Chung Kuo, Hon Fan Lai, Tsung Lun Lee, Shyh Kuan Tai, Chin Sung Kuo, Harn Shen Chen, Wan Shan Li, Chien Feng Li

研究成果: Article同行評審

5 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Most studies for comprehensive molecular profiling of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) have been performed before the 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) classification, in which the diagnostic criteria of follicular variants of PTC have been modified and noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features has been introduced. This study aims to investigate the shift in the incidence of BRAF V600E mutations in PTCs following the 2017 WHO classification and to further characterize the histologic subtypes and molecular drivers in BRAF-negative cases. The study cohort consisted of 554 consecutive PTCs larger than 0.5 cm between January 2019 and May 2022. Immunohistochemistry for BRAF VE1 was performed for all cases. Compared with a historical cohort of 509 PTCs from November 2013 to April 2018, the incidence of BRAF V600E mutations was significantly higher in the study cohort (86.8% vs 78.8%, P = .0006). Targeted RNA-based next-generation sequencing using a FusionPlex Pan Solid Tumor v2 panel (ArcherDX) was performed for BRAF-negative PTCs from the study cohort. Eight cribriform-morular thyroid carcinomas and 3 cases with suboptimal RNA quality were excluded from next-generation sequencing. A total of 62 BRAF-negative PTCs were successfully sequenced, including 19 classic follicular predominant PTCs, 16 classic PTCs, 14 infiltrative follicular PTCs, 7 encapsulated follicular PTCs, 3 diffuse sclerosing PTCs, 1 tall cell PTC, 1 solid PTC, and 1 diffuse follicular PTC. Among them, RET fusions were identified in 25 cases, NTRK3 fusions in 13 cases, BRAF fusions in 5 cases including a novel TNS1::BRAF fusion, NRAS Q61R mutations in 3 cases, KRAS Q61K mutations in 2 cases, NTRK1 fusions in 2 cases, an ALK fusion in 1 case, an FGFR1 fusion in 1 case, and an HRAS Q61R mutation in 1 case. No genetic variants, from our commercially employed assay, were detected in the remaining 9 cases. In summary, the incidence of BRAF V600E mutations in PTCs significantly increased from 78.8% to 86.8% in our post-2017 WHO classification cohort. RAS mutations accounted for only 1.1% of the cases. Driver gene fusions were identified in 8.5% of PTCs and were clinically relevant given the emerging targeted kinase inhibitor therapy. Of the 1.6% of cases for which no driver alteration was detected, the specificity of drivers tested and tumor classification require further investigation.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)100242
頁數1
期刊Modern Pathology
36
發行號9
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 9月 2023

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