Background: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are a first-line therapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR mutations. Approximately half of the patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC are treated with EGFR-TKIs and develop disease progression within 1 year. Therefore, the early prediction of tumor progression in patients who receive EGFR-TKIs can facilitate patient management and development of treatment strategies. We proposed a deep learning approach based on both quantitative computed tomography (CT) characteristics and clinical data to predict progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with advanced NSCLC after EGFR-TKI treatment. Methods: A total of 593 radiomic features were extracted from pretreatment chest CT images. The DeepSurv models for the progression risk stratification of EGFR-TKI treatment were proposed based on CT radiomic and clinical features from 270 stage IIIB-IV EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients. Time-dependent PFS predictions at 3, 12, 18, and 24 months and estimated personalized PFS curves were calculated using the DeepSurv models. Results: The model combining clinical and radiomic features demonstrated better prediction performance than the clinical model. The model achieving areas under the curve of 0.76, 0.77, 0.76, and 0.86 can predict PFS at 3, 12, 18, and 24 months, respectively. The personalized PFS curves showed significant differences (p < 0.003) between groups with good (PFS > median) and poor (PFS < median) tumor control. Conclusions: The DeepSurv models provided reliable multi-time-point PFS predictions for EGFR-TKI treatment. The personalized PFS curves can help make accurate and individualized predictions of tumor progression. The proposed deep learning approach holds promise for improving the pre-TKI personalized management of patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC.
|出版狀態||Published - 12月 2023|