Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) can detect molecules bound to a surface by subtle changes in the SPR angle. By immobilizing probes onto the surface and passing analyte solution through the surface, changes in SPR angle indicate the binding between analyte and probes. Detection of analyte from solution can be achieved easily. By using rolling circle amplification (RCA) and nanogold-modified tags, the signals of analyte binding are greatly amplified, and the sensitivity of this technique is significantly improved. Furthermore, this technique has potentials for ultra-sensitive detection and microarray analysis. In this paper, this detection technique is introduced and shown to have great amplification capability. Using 5 nm nanogold with 30 min of RCA development time, this proposed protein detection technique shows over 60 times amplification of the original signal.