A Novel Quality-Control Procedure to Improve the Accuracy of Rare Variant Calling in SNP Arrays

Ting Hsuan Sun, Yu Hsuan Joni Shao, Chien Lin Mao, Miao Neng Hung, Yi Yun Lo, Tai-Ming Ko, Tzu Hung Hsiao*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Review article同行評審

4 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays are an ideal technology for genotyping genetic variants in mass screening. However, using SNP arrays to detect rare variants [with a minor allele frequency (MAF) of <1%] is still a challenge because of noise signals and batch effects. An approach that improves the genotyping quality is needed for clinical applications. Methods: We developed a quality-control procedure for rare variants which integrates different algorithms, filters, and experiments to increase the accuracy of variant calling. Using data from the TWB 2.0 custom Axiom array, we adopted an advanced normalization adjustment to prevent false calls caused by splitting the cluster and a rare het adjustment which decreases false calls in rare variants. The concordance of allelic frequencies from array data was compared to those from sequencing datasets of Taiwanese. Finally, genotyping results were used to detect familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), thrombophilia (TH), and maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) to assess the performance in disease screening. All heterozygous calls were verified by Sanger sequencing or qPCR. The positive predictive value (PPV) of each step was estimated to evaluate the performance of our procedure. Results: We analyzed SNP array data from 43,433 individuals, which interrogated 267,247 rare variants. The advanced normalization and rare het adjustment methods adjusted genotyping calling of 168,134 variants (96.49%). We further removed 3916 probesets which were discordant in MAFs between the SNP array and sequencing data. The PPV for detecting pathogenic variants with 0.01%<MAF≤1% exceeded 99.37%. PPVs for those with an MAF of ≤0.01% improved from 95% to 100% for FH, 42.11% to 85.19% for TH, and 18.24% to 72.22% for MODY after adopting our rare variant quality-control procedure and experimental verification. Conclusion: Adopting our quality-control procedure, SNP arrays can adequately detect variants with MAF values ranging 0.01%∼0.1%. For variants with MAF values of ≤0.01%, experimental validation is needed unless sequencing data from a homogeneous population of >10,000 are available. The results demonstrated our procedure could perform correct genotype calling of rare variants. It provides a solution of pathogenic variant detection through SNP array. The approach brings tremendous promise for implementing precision medicine in medical practice.

原文English
文章編號736390
頁(從 - 到)1-8
頁數8
期刊Frontiers in Genetics
12
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 26 10月 2021

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