Development of transplantable engineered tissue has been hampered by lacking vascular network within the engineered tissue. Three-dimensional (3D) printing has emerged as a new technology with great potential in fabrication and customization of geometric microstructure. In this study, utilizing digital light processing system, we manufactured a recently designed novel 3D architecture scaffold with poly(glycerol sebacate) acrylate (PGSA). Vascular construct was subsequently generated by seeding stem cells within this scaffold. PGSA provided inductive substrate in terms of supporting three-germ layer differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and also promoting ESCs-derived vascular progenitor cells (VPCs) differentiation into endothelial cells (ECs). Furthermore, the differentiation efficiency of VPCs into ECs on PGSA was much higher than that on collagen IV or fibronectin. The results from seeding VPCs in the rotating hexagonal PGSA scaffold suggest that this architectural framework is highly efficient for cell engraftment in 3D structures. After long-term suspension culture of the VPCs in scaffold under directed EC differentiation condition, VPC-differentiated ECs were populated in the scaffold and expressed EC markers. Transplantation of the vascular construct in mice resulted in formation of new vascular network and integration of the microvasculature within the scaffold into the existing vasculature of host tissue. Importantly, in a mouse model of wound healing, ECs from the transplanted vascular construct directly contributed to revascularization and enhanced blood perfusion at the injured site. Collectively, this transplantable vascular construct provides an innovative alternative therapeutic strategy for vascular tissue engineering.