A Nationwide Study of Myopia in Taiwanese School Children: Family, Activity, and School-Related Factors

Valerie Holton, James E. Hinterlong, Ching Yao Tsai, Jen Chen Tsai, Jia Shan Wu, Yiing Mei Liou*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

7 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The purpose of the study was to explore how fixed and modifiable family, activity, and school factors affect a student’s myopia risk and severity. We used national cross-sectional data from Taiwanese children in Grades 4–6. Bivariate and multivariate analyses, including logistic and ordinary least squares regression, examined factors related to children’s myopia status and severity. Age, parent myopia, and school district were associated with risk of myopia. One hour or more per day of near work (OR = 1.26) increased the odds of myopia. The same amount of time in outdoor activities (OR = 0.85) or moderate or vigorous physical activities (OR = 0.82) was associated with lower risk. Near work (β = 0.06), outdoor activity (β = −0.04), and outdoor recess (β = −0.03) predicted myopia severity. To promote healthy vision, nurses should advocate for and implement interventions that increase school children’s time outdoors and in physical activities and reduce their time on near work.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)117-127
頁數11
期刊Journal of School Nursing
37
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 4月 2021

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