In this paper, we propose a high-performance and memory-efficient pipeline architecture which performs the one-level two-dimensional (2-D) discrete wavelet transform (DWT) in the 5/3 and 9/7 filters. In general, the internal memory size of 2-D architecture highly depends on the pipeline registers of one-dimensional (1-D) DWT. Based on the lifting-based DWT algorithm, the primitive data path is modified and an efficient pipeline architecture is derived to shorten the data path. Accordingly, under the same arithmetic resources, the 1-D DWT pipeline architecture can operate at a higher processing speed (up to 200 MHz in 0.25-μm technology) than other pipelined architectures with direct implementation. The proposed 2-D DWT architecture is composed of two 1-D processors (column and row processors). Based on the modified algorithm, the row processor can partially execute each row-wise transform with only two column-processed data. Thus, the pipeline registers of 1-D architecture do not fully turn into the internal memory of 2-D DWT. For an N × M image, only 3.5N internal memory is required for the 5/3 filter, and 5.5N is required for the 9/7 filter to perform the one-level 2-D DWT decomposition with the critical path of one multiplier delay (i.e., N and M indicate the height and width of an image). The pipeline data path is regular and practicable. Finally, the proposed architecture implements the 5/3 and 9/7 filters by cascading the three key components.
|頁（從 - 到）||1615-1628|
|期刊||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology|
|出版狀態||Published - 5 12月 2005|