Virtual reality informative aids increase residents’ atrial fibrillation ablation procedures-related knowledge and patients’ satisfaction

Shih Lin Chang, Ming Jen Kuo, Yenn Jiang Lin, Shih Ann Chen, Ying Ying Yang*, Hao Min Cheng, Ling Yu Yang, Shou Yen Kao, Fa Yauh Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, and increasing numbers of patients receive AF ablation nowadays. Therefore, in the cardiology division, residents need to be familiar with the AF ablation procedure-related knowledge for primary care. This study evaluated the baseline residents and patients’ self-efficacy to the AF ablation procedure-related knowledge, developed the specific virtual reality (VR) informative aids, and evaluated the effects of VR training and resident-led VR aids-based patient education on their self-efficacy, in the aspects of familiarity, confidence and anxiety, and satisfaction. Methods: From 2019, April to 2020, April, this 1-year prospective prestudy and poststudy was undergone in the cardiology division. Between 2019, April and 2019, December, the experienced physicians were invited to develop VR informative aids for AF ablation procedure-related knowledge. Between January 2020 and April 2020, newly developed VR informative aids were implemented in the educational program of training rotated residents for giving patient education. Results: A total of 20 residents and 32 patients were enrolled. The baseline self-reported self-efficacy and knowledge scores were relatively low among rotated residents and their patients. In addition to the high level of satisfaction, self-efficacy and knowledge scores of residents and their patients were increased after VR aids-based training and resident-led patient education. Higher degree of improvement in self-efficacy was noted among patients with depression/anxiety history than those without history. The follow-up assessments among residents showed that the positive effects of VR aids were sustained until 2 weeks later. Conclusion: Overall, residents and patients reported that the VR aids increase the effectiveness of patient education, achieve the purpose of a paperless environment, and motivate them to recommend it to others. The implementation of resident-to-patient education has a positive impact on trainees and patients understanding about AF ablation procedures-related knowledge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Chinese Medical Association
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Anxiety
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Education
  • Primary care residents
  • Procedure of AF ablation
  • Virtual reality


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