In order to investigate the tradeoff between optical spectral width and modulation speed of 850-nm Zn-diffusion vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) and its influence on the performance of discrete multitone (DMT) modulation, two kinds of high-speed VCSEL structures with different cavity lengths (λ/2 and 3λ/2) are studied. By shortening the cavity length to λ/2, allocating the oxide layer in the standing-wave peak, and performing a Zn-diffusion aperture in our VCSEL structure, stable dual mode in the output optical spectra across the full range of bias currents with good high-speed performance (∼16-GHz bandwidth) can be achieved. Compared with its multimode reference, it shows far less roll-off with regard to the maximum data rate versus transmission distance over OM4 multimode fibers under forward error correction (FEC) threshold (BER < 3.8 \times 10-3). On the other hand, for the 3λ/2 VCSEL structure, by using the same Zn-diffusion conditions as those of dual-mode counterpart, highly single-mode operation (side-mode suppression ratio> 35 dB) with high available power can be achieved over the full range of bias currents. Although such device shows a smaller 3-dB electrical-to-optical bandwidth (12 versus 16 GHz) than that of the dual-mode one, it exhibits a superior transmission performance by use of DMT modulation format. A record high bit-rate distance product (107.6 Gb/s·km) at nearly 50-Gb/s transmission under FEC threshold (BER< 3.8 \times 10-3) through 2.2-km OM4 fibers has been successfully demonstrated by the use of single-mode VCSEL with optimized structures. In addition, error-free (BER< 1 \times 10^-12) transmission at 20.3 Gb/s with bit-rate distance product of 44.66 Gb/s·km has also been demonstrated.
|IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
|Published - 1 Nov 2015
- OFDM modulation
- Semiconductor lasers
- Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers