Validation of the prophylactic efficacy of urea-based creams on sorafenib-induced hand-foot skin reaction in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma: A randomised experiment study

Ru Yu Lien, Heng Hsin Tung, Shang Laing Wu, Huey-Lan Hu, Ling Chun Lu*, Shu Fen Lu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hand-foot skin reaction may influence the effectiveness of patients' treatment, patient quality of life, and the economics of health care. An effective prophylactic dermatological cream for preventing sorafenib-induced hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) is yet to be identified. Aim: The aim of this study is validated the prophylactic efficacy of urea-based creams on sorafenib-induced hand-foot skin reaction in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: This was a randomised double-blind experimental study. A total of 129 patients with advanced HCC were randomly assigned to three groups. The comparison group received best supportive care (BSC), group A received BSC plus a moisturising cream, and group B received BSC plus a 10% urea-based cream. Incidence of HFSR and cutaneous wetness were assessed 3 days before starting sorafenib and each week after starting sorafenib for 8 weeks. Results: No significant difference was observed in the incidence density of sorafenib-induced HFSK (comparison group/A group, p >.05; comparison group/B group, p >.05). Group B reported significantly better cutaneous wetness of hands in the seventh week after starting sorafenib (p <.05) and of feet during the first 6 weeks (p <.05–.001). Conclusion: This study found a nut size amount of a 10% urea-based cream applied twice a day can maintain patients' cutaneous wetness in the first 6 weeks after starting sorafenib than moisturising-alone cream. But it cannot reduce the occurrence of HFSR. Thus, the result supports nut-size dose of the 10% urea-based cream three times a day may be an appropriate dose to prevent HFSR. Clinical Trail Registration Number: NCT04568330.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCancer Reports
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • head-foot skin reaction
  • hepatocellular carcinoma
  • side effect of Sorafenib
  • symptom management

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