Previous studies have shown that safety climate, as the perceived priority in organizations, is associated with occupational accidents and injuries. Although a few safety climate measures have been developed to meet the needs of different industries in Taiwan, a general safety climate measure in Chinese is still not available. This study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of a Chinese safety climate measure translated from a shorter version of (Zohar and Luria’s Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(4), 616-628, 2005) safety climate measure. After excluding 35 invalid responses, 513 employees working in 61 teams in four companies from the transportation (N = 108), high-tech (N = 253), construction (N = 95), and manufacturing (N = 57) industries participated in the current study, with a response rate of 92.54% (out of 590 distributed questionnaires). The results showed that a Chinese version of (Zohar and Luria’s Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(4), 616-628, 2005) shortened safety climate measure had high reliability and satisfactory validity with safety motivation, safety-specific transformational leadership, safety behaviors (criterion-related validity), and other safety climate measures (convergent validity) at the individual and team levels. Therefore, this measure can be used as a reliable and effective assessment tool for monitoring occupational safety across industries in Taiwan.
- Chinese safety climate measure
- Safety behavior
- Safety climate