Usefulness of systolic time intervals in the identification of abnormal ventriculo-arterial coupling in stable heart failure patients

Hao Min Cheng, Wen Chung Yu, Shih Hsien Sung, Kang Ling Wang, Shao Yuan Chuang, Chen Huan Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The ratio of effective arterial elastance (Ea) to ventricular end-systolic elastance (Ees) indicates the status of ventriculo-arterial coupling. Aims: We investigated if systolic time intervals (pre-ejection period, PEP; ejection time, ET; and their ratio, PEP/ET) can be used to identify heart failure patients with abnormal ventriculo-arterial coupling. Methods: Age and sex-matched study subjects included 54 apparently healthy subjects with normal left ventricular (LV) function, and stable patients with LV diastolic (n = 54) and systolic dysfunction (n = 54). Ees and Ea were estimated non-invasively by echocardiography, and abnormal ventriculo-arterial coupling was defined as Ea/Ees > 1.2. PEP, ET, and PEP/ET were measured automatically using electrocardiography, phonocardiography, and brachial pulse volume recording. Results: Ea/Ees > 1.2 was present in 48.1% of subjects with systolic dysfunction. The PEP/ET was significantly associated with most parameters of LV structure and function, and Ea/Ees (r = 0.67, p < 0.001). Using PEP/ET ≥ 0.423 as cut point, the sensitivity and specificity to identify patients with Ea/Ees > 1.2 were 85.7% and 84.3%, respectively for the whole population, and 84.6% and 78.6%, for patients with systolic dysfunction. Conclusion: Abnormal ventriculo-arterial coupling was present in almost half of stable patients with systolic dysfunction. PEP/ET was useful in identifying such patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1192-1200
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

Keywords

  • Systolic heart failure
  • Systolic time intervals
  • Ventricular-arterial coupling

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Usefulness of systolic time intervals in the identification of abnormal ventriculo-arterial coupling in stable heart failure patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this