Uplink Access Control in Narrowband IoT

Ren Hung Hwang*, Min Chun Peng, Bo Hao Tu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


In order to provide low-power wide area network (LPWAN) services, 3GPP adopted the Narrow-Band Internet of Things (NB-IoT) standard in 2016. NB-IoT is expected to become the transmission communication standard for providing a large number of IoT devices in 5G networks. However, development of NB-IoT is still in its earlier stage and encounters several challenges. First, NB-IoT is designed for machine type communication. Generally, connection and transmission delays are not the primary consideration for this type of communication. Thus, it is not able to meet different delay requirements of different types of IoT applications. For example, for life-threatening or life-saving applications, they would require very high reliable and low latency transmission of emergency messages. Secondly, when a user equipment wants to associate to a NB-IoT network, it must synchronize with the regional base station (eNB) through the random access channel (RACH) procedure. A large number of IoT devices will cause a big challenge to the RACH procedure. Therefore, in this paper, we aim to improve the RACH procedure to handle a large number of IoT devices without affecting the transmission delay of emergent messages. We propose a Dynamic RACH Resource Allocation (DRRA) scheme which integrates with resource allocation scheme and Access Class Barring (ACB) scheme to improve the delay and throughput of the RACH procedure. Our simulation results show that the proposed DRRA scheme is able to achieve higher access success rate, higher system throughput, and low transmission delay for emergent message as compared to the original RACH procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternet of Vehicles. Technologies and Services Toward Smart Cities - 6th International Conference, IOV 2019, Proceedings
EditorsChing-Hsien Hsu, Sondès Kallel, Kun-Chan Lan, Zibin Zheng
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9783030386504
StatePublished - 2020
Event6th International Conference on Internet of Vehicles and the 9th International Symposium on Cloud and Service Computing, IOV/SC2 2019 - Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Duration: 18 Nov 201921 Nov 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11894 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference6th International Conference on Internet of Vehicles and the 9th International Symposium on Cloud and Service Computing, IOV/SC2 2019


  • IoT
  • NB-IoT
  • RACH


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