Ultrasound Stimulation Potentiates Management of Diabetic Hyperglycemia

Chia Hsuan Chang, Kang Chih Fan, Yuan Pin Cheng, Jung Chih Chen, Gin Shin Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Glucose homeostasis is the only way to manage diabetic progression as all medications used do not cure diabetes. This study was aimed at verifying the feasibility of lowering glucose with non-invasive ultrasonic stimulation. Methods: The ultrasonic device was homemade and controlled via a mobile application on the smartphone. Diabetes was induced in Sprague–Dawley rats through high-fat diets followed by streptozotocin injection. The treated acupoint CV12 was at the middle of the xiphoid and umbilicus of the diabetic rats. Parameters of ultrasonic stimulation were an operating frequency of 1 MHz, pulse repetition frequency of 15 Hz, duty cycle of 10% and sonication time of 30 min for a single treatment. Discussion: The diabetic rats exhibited a significant decrease of 11.5% ± 3.6% in blood glucose in 5 min of ultrasonic stimulation (p < 0.001). After the single treatment on the first day, third day and fifth day in the first week, the treated diabetic rats had a significantly small area under the curve of the glucose tolerance test (p < 0.05) compared with the untreated diabetic rats in the sixth week. Hematological analyses indicated that the serum concentrations of β-endorphin were significantly increased by 58% ± 71.9% (p < 0.05) and the insulin level was increased by 56% ± 88.2% (p = 0.15) without statistical significance after a single treatment. Conclusion: Therefore, non-invasive ultrasound stimulation at an appropriate dose can produce a hypoglycemic effect and improve glucose tolerance for glucose homeostasis and may play a role as adjuvant therapy with diabetic medications in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1259-1267
Number of pages9
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • Adjuvant therapy
  • Beta-endorphin
  • Hypoglycemic effect
  • Portable ultrasound device
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Ultrasound stimulation

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