Two-dimensional numerical study of isotoxal-star polygonal cylinders in cross-flow

Y. J. Lee, G. Zhou, Kim Boon Lua*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Numerical simulations have been conducted to investigate the flow structures and the force generation of two-dimensional regular and isotoxal-star polygonal cylinders in low Reynolds number (≈150) cross-flow. The isotoxal-star polygons are essentially N-sided regular polygons with the addition of N V-grooves. Generally, transforming the regular polygon into the equivalent isotoxal-star polygon increases the normalized circulation, resulting in an increase in the magnitude of lift fluctuation and mean drag generation; this effect is sensitive to cylinder orientation. The influence of each V-groove on the overall flow structure and force generation of the isotoxal-star polygon is dependent on its placement and orientation, and the V-grooves fall into three main categories. Type I V-grooves are windward facing V-grooves containing the stagnation point; they are generally ineffective at enhancing force generation. Type II V-grooves are those upstream of the separation point but do not contain the stagnation point. They may enhance the magnitude of lift fluctuation if windward oriented, or yield negligible lift enhancement if oriented towards the transverse direction. Type III V-grooves are those downstream of the separation point, and they enhance the magnitude of lift fluctuation if they are oriented towards the vertical direction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-135
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
StatePublished - 1 May 2019


  • Bluff body
  • Unsteady aerodynamics
  • Vortex dynamics


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