Two-Dimensional nonequilibrium noncohesive and cohesive sediment transport model

M. C. Hung*, T. Y. Hsieh, C. H. Wu, J. C. Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The purpose of this paper is to develop an unsteady 2D depth-averaged model for nonuniform sediment transport in alluvial channels. In this model, the orthogonal curvilinear coordinate system is adopted; the transport mechanisms of cohesive and noncohesive sediment are both embedded; the suspended load and bed load are treated separately. In addition, the processes of hydraulic sorting, armoring, and bed consolidation are also included in the model. The implicit two-step split-operator approach is used to solve the flow governing equations and the coupling approach with iterative method are used to solve the mass-conservation equation of suspended sediment, mass-conservation equation of active-layer sediment, and global mass-conservation equation for bed sediment simultaneously. Three sets of data, including suspension transport, degradation and aggradation cases for noncohesive sediment, and aggradation, degradation, and consolidation cases for cohesive sediment, have been demonstrated to show the rationality and accuracy of the model. Finally, the model is applied to evaluate the desilting efficiency for Ah Gong Diann Reservoir located in Taiwan to show its applicability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-382
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2009


  • Cohesionless soils
  • Sand
  • Sediment
  • Soil consolidation
  • Two-dimensional models


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