TREM-1 promotes survival during Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess in mice

Yi Tsung Lin, Kai Yu Tseng, Yi Chen Yeh, Fu Chen Yang, Chang Phone Fung, Nien Jung Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess (KPLA) is prevalent in East Asia. Liver abscess can develop after translocation of K. pneumoniae from a patient's bowel into the liver via the portal circulation. TREM-1 (triggering receptor expressed onmyeloid cells 1) amplifies inflammatory signaling during infection, but its role in KPLA is poorly understood. We used an animal study to characterize the role of TREM-1 in KPLA. We compared survival rates, bacterial burdens in tissues, inflammatory cytokine levels, and histology findings between wild-type and Trem-1 knockout (KO) mice after oral inoculation of capsular type K1 K. pneumoniae. Translocation of K. pneumoniae to mesenteric lymph nodes and liver was examined, and intestinal permeability, antimicrobial peptide expression, and the clearance of K. pneumoniae in the small intestine were determined. In the absence of TREM-1, KPLA model mice showed increased K. pneumoniae dissemination, enhanced liver and systemic inflammation, and reduced survival. Impaired bacterial clearance in the small intestine causes enhanced K. pneumoniae translocation, which renders Trem-1 KO mice more susceptible to K. pneumoniae oral infection. In conclusion, TREM-1-mediated bacterial clearance in the small intestine is an important immune response against K. pneumoniae. TREM-1 deficiency enhances K. pneumoniae translocation in the small intestine and increases mortality rates in mice with KPLA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1335-1342
Number of pages8
JournalInfection and Immunity
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2014


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