Trapped charge-induced pyroelectric-like transient response in single high-resistivity Sb2Se3 nanowires

T. Y. Ko, K. W. Sun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dynamic scanning photocurrent microscopy was applied to Sb2Se3 crystalline single nanowires (NWs) to analyze their transient photocurrent responses. These NWs exhibited switching behavior with rapid rise and decay times upon illumination by laser pulses. The estimated spectral responsivity and external quantum efficiency for a freshly-prepared NW at a bias voltage of 0.3 V and excitation wavelength of 488 nm were ∼16.9 mA/W and ∼42.9%, respectively. A pyroelectric-like current transient was observed with reduced spectral responsivity when nonpolar Sb2Se3 single-crystalline NWs were excited by laser pulses. Because Sb2Se3 NWs were nonpyroelectric or ferroelectric, the pyroelectric-like current could possibly be attributed to temperature dependent nonlinear space-charge distributions. Defects produced by the external electrical bias generated and re-distributed space charges in the NWs. As a result, the temperature dependent inhomogeneous electric field led to nonlinear expansions or contractions of the lattice (electrostriction) that can produce pyroelectric current. We obtained a lower bound of equivalent pyroelectric coefficient α ≥ 60.09 μC/m2 K from these materials by fitting the electrical transients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-263
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica Status Solidi - Rapid Research Letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2015


  • Electrostriction
  • Nanowires
  • Photocurrent microscopy
  • Pyroelectric coefficients
  • SbSe
  • Spectral responsivity


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