Trajectory of growth in Taiwanese nursing students' professional self-concept over two years and its association with critical thinking and class climate

Yi Chuan Chang, Mei Ling Yeh*, Kuan Chia Lin, Kwua Yun Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Nursing is a practice-oriented profession, and the goal of education is to cultivate confidence and assertiveness for future clinical practice. Nurturing a professional self-concept at school is expecting to help students to approach their success in the nursing profession. Purpose: Using a hierarchical model associated with critical thinking, academic achievement, class climate, and work experience, this longitudinal correlational study explored the growth trajectory of professional self-concept over two years in students attending 2- or 4-year baccalaureate nursing programs. Method: This was a longitudinal and correlational study with five repeated measurements. Questionnaire data were collected by using the Chinese version of the Nurses Self-Concept Instrument (NSCI-C) and the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI). Results: Scores for overall professional self-concept ranged from 84.51 (standard deviation [SD] 12.34) when the students began this study to 89.28 (SD 11.23) at graduation. Hierarchical linear modeling yielded the growth trajectory of professional self-concept was significantly associated with time (β = 0.93, p <.01), CCTIDI (β = 0.13, p <.001), and class climate (β = 5.20, p <.01). An intraclass correlation coefficient was 55.48%. Conclusion: This study confirmed the positive growth trajectory of the professional self-concept in the nursing students' two academic years. The continuous development of the professional self-concept of nursing students is encouraged. Development of critical thinking through their studies, feelings of belonging in their classes, and campus culture all contributed to this trend. To construct a comprehensive hierarchical model, future investigations should use large sample sizes from various classes and conduct multisite evaluations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-734
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Professional Nursing
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Class climate
  • Critical thinking
  • Growth trajectory
  • Nursing students
  • Self-concept

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