Toward the Age of Intelligent Vehicular Networks for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles in 6G

Van Linh Nguyen, Ren Hung Hwang, Po Ching Lin, Abhishek Vyas, Van Tao Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twenty-two years after the advent of the first-generation vehicular network, that is, dedicated short-range communications (DSRC) standard/ IEEE 802.11p, the vehicular technology market has become very competitive with a new player, Cellular Vehicle-to-Everything (C-V2X). Currently, C-V2X technology likely dominates the race because of the big advantages of comprehensive coverage and high throughput/reliability. Meanwhile, DSRC-based technologies are struggling to survive and rebound with many hopes betting on success of the second-generation standard, IEEE P802.11bd. While the standards battle to attract automotive makers and dominate the commercial market landing, the research community has started thinking about the shape of the next-generation vehicular networks. This article details the state-of-the-art progress of vehicular networks, particularly the cellular V2X-related technologies in specific use cases, compared to the features of the current generation. Through the typical examples, we also highlight why 5G is inadequate to provide the best connectivity for the vehicular applications and then 6G technologies can fill up the vacancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Network
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2023

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