Time-Selective RNN for Device-Free Multiroom Human Presence Detection Using WiFi CSI

Li Hsiang Shen, An Hung Hsiao, Fang Yu Chu, Kai Ten Feng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Device-free human presence detection is a crucial technology for various applications, including home automation, security, and health care. While camera-based systems have traditionally been used for this purpose, they raise privacy concerns. To address this issue, recent research has explored the use of wireless channel state information (CSI) extracted from commercial WiFi access points (APs) to provide detailed channel characteristics. In this article, we propose a device-free human presence detection system for multiroom scenarios using a time-selective conditional dual feature extract recurrent network (TCD-FERN). Our system is designed to capture significant time features on current human features using a dynamic and static (DaS) data preprocessing technique. We extract both moving and spatial features of people and differentiate between line-of-sight (LoS) and non-line-of-sight (NLoS) cases. Subcarrier fusion is carried out to provide more objective variation of each sample while reducing the computational complexity. A voting scheme is further adopted to mitigate the feature attenuation problem caused by room partitions, with around 3% improvement of human presence detection accuracy. Experimental results have revealed the significant improvement of leveraging subcarrier fusion, dual-feature recurrent network, time selection, and condition mechanisms. Compared to the existing works in open literature, our proposed TCD-FERN system can achieve above 97% of human presence detection accuracy for multiroom scenarios with the adoption of fewer WiFi APs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2505817
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
StatePublished - 2024


  • Channel state information (CSI)
  • deep learning
  • device-free
  • human presence detection
  • wireless sensing


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