Thyroid dysfunction and nodular goiter in hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients

Chih Ching Lin, Tzen Wen Chen*, Yee Yung Ng, Yi Hong Chou, Wu Chang Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Objective: To investigate the prevalence of nodular goiter and thyroid dysfunction in uremic patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Single dialysis unit and outpatient clinic. Patients: The study included 221 patients [143 HD and 78 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients] along with 135 consecutively selected outpatients as controls. Main Outcome Measures: Ultrasonography was used to detect patients' thyroid function and nodular goiter. Results: Nodular goiter was detected in 54.8% of the uremic patients and in 21.5% of the controls. Uremic patients had higher prevalence of thyroid dysfunction, which included reduced serum concentration of total T3, total T4, and free T4, and increased serum level of TSH. Hypothyroidism was also observed more frequently in uremic patients than in the control group (5.4% vs 0.7%, p < 0.05). Nodular goiter was more frequently found in females than in males (63.5% vs 48%, p < 0.05). Moreover, the prevalence of nodular goiter increased with age (p < 0.02) in uremic patients. Hemodialysis patients had a higher frequency of reduced total T3 level (46.9% vs 29.5%, p < 0.02). However, CAPD patients had lower T4 levels (6.23 ± 1.82 μg/dL vs 7.15 ± 1.99 μg/dL, p < 0.05). Conclusion: Because of the high incidence of hypothyroidism and nodular goiter in uremic patients, screening of thyroid function and goiter detection with ultrasound should be considered in evaluation of end-stage renal disease patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)516-521
Number of pages6
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis International
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1998


  • End-stage renal disease
  • Goiter
  • Hemodialysis
  • Thyroid dysfunction


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