Theory and applications of sum-frequency generations

C. K. Lin, L. Yang*, M. Hayashi, Chao Yuan Zhu, Y. Fujimura, Y. R. Shen, S. H. Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The SFG technique has become popular since the pioneering work conducted by Shen's group in late 1980s. Combined the advantages of other surface-detecting techniques, the SFG technique could identify both chemical species and orientations adsorbed on surfaces or inserted between surfaces. In view of the recent tremendous experimental activities of SFG in surface chemistry, biochemistry and material sciences, quantum chemical calculations of SFG spectra to analyze the experimental SFG spectra are badly needed. In this paper we presented the theoretical expressions of various SFG techniques and showed how to employ the quantum chemical calculations to simulate the corresponding SFG spectra.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-92
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the Chinese Chemical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Nonlinear optical processes
  • Spectroscopy
  • Susceptibility method


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