Theoretical interpretation of the kinetics and mechanisms of the HNO + HNO and HNO + 2NO reactions with a unified model

Ming-Chang Lin*, Yisheng He, C. F. Melius

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Previously measured decay rates of HNO in the presence of NO have been kinetically modeled on the basis of thermochemical data calculated with the BAC‐MP4 technique. The results of this modeling, aided by TST‐RRKM calculations for the association of HNO and the isomerization, decomposition, and stabilization of the many dimers of HNO, reveal that the decay of HNO under NO‐lean conditions occurs primarily by association forming cis‐ and trans‐(HNO)2 at temperatures below 420 K. N2O, which is a relatively minor product, is believed to be formed by H2O elimination from cis‐HON  NOH, a product of succesive isomerization reactions: trans‐(HNO)2 → HN(OH)NO → HN(O)NOH → cis‐HON NOH. The calculated rate constants, which fit experimental data quantitatively, can be represented by k = 1016.2 × T−2.40e−590/T cm3/mol sec for the HNO recombination reaction and k = 10−2.44T3.98e−600/T cm3/mol sec for N2O formation in the temperature range 80–420 K, at a total pressure of 710 torr H2 or He. Under NO‐rich conditions, HNO reacts predominantly by the exothermic termolecular reaction, HNO + 2NO → HN(NO)ONO → HN NO + NO2, with a rate contant of (6 ± 1) × 109 cm6/mol2 sec at room temperature, based on both HNO decay and NO2 production. All existing thermal kinetic data on HNO + HNO and HNO + 2NO processes can be satisfactorily rationalized with a unified model based on the thermochemical data obtained by BAC‐MP4 calculations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-516
Number of pages28
JournalInternational Journal of Chemical Kinetics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1992


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