The sign of traveling wave speed in bistable dynamics

Jong Shenq Guo*, Ken Ichi Nakamura, Toshiko Ogiwara, Chang-Hong Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We are concerned with the sign of traveling wave speed in bistable dynamics. This question is related to which species wins the competition in multiple species competition models. It is well-known that the wave speed is unique for traveling wave connecting two stable states. In this paper, we first review some known results on the sign of wave speed in bistable two species competition models. Then we derive rigorously the sign of bistable wave speed for a special three species competition model describing the competition in two different circumstances: (1) two species are weak competitors and one species is a strong competitor; (2) three species are very strong competitors. It is interesting to observe that, under certain conditions on the parameters, two weaker competitors can wipe out the strongest competitor.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3451-3466
Number of pages16
JournalDiscrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems- Series A
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2020


  • Bistable
  • Competition model
  • Traveling wave
  • Uniqueness
  • Wave speed


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