The secret-open watermarking scheme for ownership verification

Min-Jen Tsai*, Mu Yen Chen, Tien Hwa Ho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


An algorithm by adopting private and public watermark methodology is proposed where the characteristic between the original image and the embedding watermark with visible content is utilized to form a two-stage verification process: Secret-open watermarking. Performance analysis shows that the design scheme provides sufficient ownership right verification mechanism and strong robustness under attack.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-42
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Applications in Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2004


  • Authentication
  • Digital watermarking
  • Verification


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