The role of the sub-thalamic nucleus in the preparation of volitional movement termination in Parkinson's disease

Yi Ting Hsu, Hsin Yi Lai, Yao Chuan Chang, Shang Ming Chiou, Ming Kuei Lu, Yu Chin Lin, Yen Liang Liu, Chiung Chu Chen, Hui Chun Huang, Ting Fang Chien, Shinn Zong Lin, You Yin Chen*, Chon Haw Tsai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The sub-thalamic nucleus (STN) is relevant to the preparation of movement ignition but its role in movement termination is uncertain. Fourteen patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) received local field potentials (LFPs) recording at the left STN on the fourth day after deep brain stimulation surgery. They performed phasic and tonic movements of the right wrist extensor. Movement onset (Mon) and movement offset (Moff) of the electromyographic activities were used as triggers to determine an eight-second LFPs epoch for time-frequency analysis. Movement-related power changes were assessed by repeated measures analysis of variance with within-subject factors of Event (Mon and Moff), Period (ten time periods for phasic movement and six time periods for tonic movement), and Frequency (alpha, low-beta, and high-beta). There was significant triple interaction in both the phasic and tonic movements. By post-hoc analysis, high-beta event-related de-synchronization (ERD) appeared earlier (3. s prior to Mon) than those of low-beta and alpha for the Mon phasic movement. There was no alpha ERD for the Mon tonic movement. Alpha, low-beta, and high-beta ERD all appeared about 1. s prior to the Moff tonic movement. The current findings suggest that STN participates in the preparation of volitional movement termination but via a different mechanism from that in movement initiation. Unlike asynchronous ERD frequency bands present in movement initiation, a simultaneous ERD across wide frequency bands in STN may play a pivotal role in terminating volitional movement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-263
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume233
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Oscillation
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Sub-thalamic nucleus

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