The role of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate-mediated glycolysis/gluconeogenesis genes in cancer prognosis

Chien Hsiu Li, Ming Hsien Chan, Yu Chan Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metabolic reprogramming and elevated glycolysis levels are associated with tumor progression. However, despite cancer cells selectively inhibiting or expressing certain metabolic enzymes, it is unclear whether differences in gene profiles influence patient outcomes. Therefore, identifying the differences in enzyme action may facilitate discovery of gene ontology variations to characterize tumors. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (F-1,6-BP) is an important intermediate in glucose metabolism, particularly in cancer. Gluconeogenesis and glycolysis require fructose-1,6-bisphosphonates 1 (FBP1) and fructose-bisphosphate aldolase A (ALDOA), which participate in F-1,6-BP conversion. Increased expression of ALDOA and decreased expression of FBP1 are associated with the progression of various forms of cancer in humans. However, the exact molecular mechanism by which ALDOA and FBP1 are involved in the switching of F-1,6-BP is not yet known. As a result of their pancancer pattern, the relationship between ALDOA and FBP1 in patient prognosis is reversed, particularly in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC). Using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we observed that FBP1 expression was low in patients with LUAD and LIHC tumors, which was distinct from ALDOA. A similar trend was observed in the analysis of Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) datasets. By dissecting downstream networks and possible upstream regulators, using ALDOA and FBP1 as the core, we identified common signatures and interaction events regulated by ALDOA and FBP1. Notably, the identified effectors dominated by ALDOA or FBP1 were distributed in opposite patterns and can be considered independent prognostic indicators for patients with LUAD and LIHC. Therefore, uncovering the effectors between ALDOA and FBP1 will lead to novel therapeutic strategies for cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3233-3258
Number of pages26
JournalAging
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Aldoa
  • Bioinformatics
  • Cancer metabolism
  • Fbp1
  • Prognosis

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