The risk factors and the impact of hernia development on technique survival in peritoneal dialysis patients: A population-based cohort study

Shang Feng Yang, Chia Jen Liu, Wu Chang Yang, Chao Fu Chang, Chih Yu Yang, Szu Yuan Li, Chih Ching Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

♦ Objectives: There is a lack of consensus on the risk factors for hernia formation, and the impact on peritoneal dialysis (PD) survival has seldom been studied. ♦ Methods: This was a population-based study and all collected data were retrieved from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. Patients who commenced PD between January 1998 and December 2006 were screened for inclusion. Multiple logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models were applied to estimate the predictors for hernia formation and determine the predictors of PD withdrawal. ♦ Results: A total of 6,928 PD patients were enrolled and followed until December 2009, with 631 hernia events and 391 hernioplasties being registered in 530 patients (7.7%). The incidence rate was 0.04 hernias/patient/year. Longer PD duration (per 1 month increase, hazard ratio (HR) 1.019) and history of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) (HR 1.584) were independent risk factors for hernia formation during PD, and female gender (HR 0.617) was a protective factor. On the other hand, there were 4,468 PD withdrawals, with cumulative incidence rates of 41% at 1 year, 66% at 3 years, and 82% at 5 years. Independent determinants for cumulative PD withdrawal included hernia formation during PD (HR 1.154), age (per 1 year increase, HR 1.014), larger dialysate volume (per 1 liter increase, HR 0.496), female gender (HR 0.763), heart failure (HR 1.092), hypertension (HR 1.207), myocardial infarction (HR 1.292), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (HR 1.227), cerebrovascular accident (CVA) (HR 1.364), and history of MVP (HR 0.712) ♦ Conclusions: Prolonged PD duration was a risk factor for hernia formation, and female gender was protective. Hernia formation during PD therapy may increase the risk of PD withdrawal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-359
Number of pages9
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis International
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2015

Keywords

  • Hernia
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Risk factor
  • Survival

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