The recovery of sulfuric acid from spent piranha solution over a dimensionally stable anode (DSA) Ti-RuO2 electrode

Daniel Sanchez Carretero, Chih-Pin Huang, Jing Hua Tzeng, Chin pao Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Piranha solution is a highly acidic mixture of sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide. The present study aimed at developing a dimensionally stable anode (DSA), made of titanium metal foil coated with Ruthenium Dioxide (RuO2), for the electrochemical oxidation of hydrogen peroxide in the presence of strong sulfuric acid under ambient conditions. Results showed that hydrogen peroxide in the piranha solution was fully degraded in 5 h under a constant current of 2 A (or current density of 0.32 A-cm-2). The oxidation kinetics of hydrogen peroxide followed the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. The observed rate constant was a function of applied current. The initial current efficiency was 17.5% at 0.5 A (or 0.08 A-cm-2) and slightly decreased to about 13.5% at applied current between 1.3 and 1.5 A (or current density of 0.208 and 0.24 A-cm-2). Results showed the capability and feasibility of the electrochemical oxidation process for the recovery of sulfuric acid from the spent piranha solution in semiconductor industrial installations or general laboratories.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number124658
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume406
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Dimensionally Stable Anode (DSA)
  • Electrochemical oxidation
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Piranha solution
  • Sulfuric acid

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