The prevalence and association of chronic kidney disease and diabetes in liver cirrhosis using different estimated glomerular filtration rate equation

Cheng Yi Chen, Cheng Jui Lin, Chih-Sheng Lin, Fang Ju Sun, Chi Feng Pan, Han Hsiang Chen, Chih Jen Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in cirrhosis is one of the dreaded complications associated with a steep rise in mortality and morbidity, including diabetes. There are limited data on the prevalence of CKD and the association with diabetes in outpatients with cirrhosis. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study of 7,440 adult liver cirrhosis patients enrolled from August 2001 to April 2010 in a medical center. Case control matching by age and sex with 1,967 pairs, and conditional logistic regression for odds of diabetes was analyzed using adjusted model. Results: CKD was present in 46.0%, 45.7% and 45.6% of the study population using the MDRD-6, CKD-EPI and MDRD-4 estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) equations, respectively. Using a conditional logistic regression model after adjusting for other risk factors, odds for diabetes increased significantly compared with non- CKD in CKD stage 3 to 5 (stage 3~5) based on MDRD-6-adjusted model, ORs were: stage 3~5, 2.34 (95% CI, 1.78-3.01); MDRD-4-adjusted model, ORs were: stage 3~5, 8.51 (95% CI, 5.63-11.4); CKD-EPI-adjusted model, ORs were: stage 3~5, 8.61 (95% CI, 5.13-13.9). Conclusion: In cirrhosis patients, prevalence of diabetes was higher in patients with advanced stage of CKD. For patients with cirrhosis, patients with CKD stages 3~5 defined by MDRD-4, MDRD-6, and CKD-EPI eGFR equations had increased risk for diabetes. More severe cirrhosis, indicated by the Child-Turcott-Pugh classification was also accompanied by an increased risk for diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2236-2248
Number of pages13
JournalOncotarget
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • MELD score

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