The preferential accumulation of cadmium ions among various tissues in mice

Yu Ting Tai, Shing Hsien Chou, Chia Yun Cheng, Chien Te Ho, Hung Chen Lin, Shih Ming Jung, Pao Hsien Chu*, Fu-Hsiang Ko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Cadmium (Cd) is hazardous to human health because of its toxicity and long half-life of clearance. Many studies have explored the relationship between chronic Cd exposure and different human diseases. However, most of the studies limited the study targets of Cd toxicity to two or three organ systems. The goal of this study was to establish a mouse model of Cd accumulation in most organ systems and to particularly investigate the potential toxic effects of Cd to the cardiovascular system. Mice were divided into three groups: the control group, Cd-100 group, and Cd-200 group. In the control group, Cd was detected in the kidney, lung, liver, heart and urine but was undetectable in the aorta, intestine, thigh bone, spinal bone and serum. Upon chronic exposure in the Cd-100 and Cd-200 groups, Cd accumulated in all tissues, with a dramatic increase in concentration. We confirmed that Cd could accumulate significantly in the heart and aorta upon chronic exposure. This finding might help to explain the potential toxic effects of Cd on these organs. In addition, the calcium concentration in the bones and kidney declined when the exposure to Cd increased. This finding aligned with the negative effects of Cd on bony mineralization and the potential direct toxic effects of Cd on bones. The impacts of Cd on the cardiovascular system were explored. Histologically, chronic Cd exposure led to myocytes hypertrophy and myocardial architecture disarray in the Cd-100 group compared to those in the control group. Our research confirms that Cd can accumulate in all of the organs studied upon chronic exposure, and suggests that the toxicity of Cd accumulation may play important roles in mediating the pathophysiologic effects in these target organs, especially the bone and heart.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-119
Number of pages9
JournalToxicology Reports
StatePublished - Jan 2022


  • Cadmium
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Heart
  • ICP-MS
  • Mice


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