This paper provides a description of the needs of people with dementia and their family caregivers based on clinical experience of the experts and compare the difference between literature and real clinical experience. We found that the needs of people with dementia include medical treatment, a safe environment, mental support, and dignity, which is consistent with previous research. We also found that the needs of the dementia people’s family include physical, mental,bsocial, and economic aspects, which is in keeping with previous research. In addition to what is seen in the existing literature, we found that the primary caregiver generally insists on taking care of the people with dementia until the patient dies, although, at times, the caregiver dies first. Although caregivers become weary of looking after people with dementia, they are not comfortable putting them in a long-term care facility. This finding is different from that of Western research and can be attributed to filial piety or the traditional role of women in Chinese culture.