The magnetic order in multiferroic DyMnO3

Jenn Min Lee, Shih Wen Huang*, Horng Tay Jeng, Yu Cheng Shao, L. Andrew Wray, Jin Ming Chen, Ruimin Qiao, Wanli Yang, Jiunn Yuan Lin, Robert W. Schoenlein, Yi De Chuang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With flexibility in tuning their electric and magnetic properties, multiferroics can be used in information exchange and storage in ways that are very different from the present electronic materials. Here we use resonant soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy to study the F-type (0,τ,0) and C-type (0, 1–2τ, 0) diffraction peaks from sinusoidal antiferromagnetic spin order in multiferroic DyMnO3. By comparing the temperature dependence of ordering wave vectors τ, peak intensities I, and correlation lengths λ measured at Mn L2-, O K-, and Dy M5-edges, we show that the nearly perfect locking between the ordering wave vectors from Dy 4f states and Mn 3d orbitals manifesting the second harmonic diffraction peak implies the notable orbital involvement in the coupling between Mn and Dy spins. Our DFT calculations further suggest that the lattice response to different antiferromagnetic ground states (A-type versus E-type) is much weaker in TbMnO3, in agreement with previous claim that the symmetric exchange interaction can be an important factor for understanding the ferroelectricity in DyMnO3 than in TbMnO3.

Original languageEnglish
Article number147013
JournalJournal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Multiferroic
  • Resonant X-ray scattering


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