The lived experiences of stigmatization in the process of hiv status disclosure among people living with hiv in Taiwan

Chia Hui Yu, Chu Yu Huang, Nai Ying Ko, Heng Hsin Tung, Hui Man Huang, Su Fen Cheng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

People living with HIV (PLWH) face social stigma which makes disclosure of HIV status difficult. The purpose of this descriptive qualitative study was to understand the lived experiences of stigmatization in the process of disease disclosure among PLWH in Taiwan. Analysis of the semi-structured interviews from 19 PLWH in Taiwan revealed two phases and six themes. Phase one “experiences before disclosure” involved three themes: “Struggles under the pressure of con-cealing the HIV Status,” “Torn between fear of unemployment/isolation and desire to protect closed ones,” and “Being forced to disclose the HIV status.” Phase two “experiences after disclo-sure” included three themes: “Receiving special considerations and requirements from school or work,” “Receiving differential treatments in life and when seeking medical care,” and “Stress relief and restart.” Healthcare professionals need to assess stigmatization in PLWH and develop indi-vidualized approaches to assist with the disease disclosure process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5089
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 May 2021

Keywords

  • Content analysis
  • HIV disclosure
  • HIV stigma
  • PLWH

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