DNA methylation, catalyzed by DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), is a heritable epigenetic mark, participating in numerous physiological processes. DNMT3A is of particular relevance to hematopoietic differentiation, because DNMT3A mutations are strongly related to hematopoietic malignancies. Additionally, DNMT3A deficiency has been reported to increase the hematopoietic stem cell pool by limiting their differentiation. Our previous study demonstrated that complete loss of DNMT3A resulted in anemia, while DNMT3A haploinsufficiency caused an elevated population of erythrocytes in the content of oncogenic KRAS. Since erythropoiesis is tightly regulated via the erythropoietin (EPO)-mediated RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK1/2 pathway, the question arises whether DNMT3A cooperates with RAS signaling to modulate erythropoiesis. Human leukemia cell lines were used, with differentiation capabilities towards megakaryocyte and erythroid lineages. Overexpression of DNMT3A was found to enhance erythrocytic differentiation of K562 cells, while DNMT3A knockdown suppressed differentiation. Furthermore, higher DNMT3A expression was detected in late-stage mouse erythroblasts along with the DNMT3A translocation to the nucleus. Further studies demonstrated that both ERK1/2-DNMT3A interaction and serine-255 phosphorylation in DNMT3A led to DNMT3A translocation into the nucleus, and modulated erythrocytic differentiation. Our results not only explore the critical role of DNMT3A in erythropoiesis, but also provide a new insight into ERK1/2-DNMT3A interaction in the hematopoietic system.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||American Journal of Translational Research|
|State||Published - 15 Mar 2020|
- DNA methyltransferase