The efficacy of first-line tyrosine kinase inhibitors combined with co-medications in Asian patients with EGFR mutation non-small cell lung cancer

Vincent Yi Fong Su, Kuang Yao Yang, Ting Yu Huang, Chia Chen Hsu, Yuh Min Chen, Jiin Cherng Yen, Yueh Ching Chou*, Yuh Lih Chang, Chien Hui He

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The real-world efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring EGFR-activating mutations remains unclear. We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from the claims database of Taipei Veterans General Hospital to perform direct comparisons of these three EGFR-TKIs (gefitinib, erlotinib, and afatinib) combined with co-medications (metformin, statins, antacids, and steroids). Stage IIIB and IV NSCLC patients with EGFR mutations receiving EGFR-TKIs as first-line treatment for > 3 months between 2011 and 2016 were enrolled. The primary endpoint was time to treatment failure (TTF). Patients who had received co-medications (≥ 28 defined daily doses) in the first 3 months of EGFR-TKI therapy were assigned to co-medications groups. A total of 853 patients treated with gefitinib (n = 534), erlotinib (n = 220), and afatinib (n = 99) were enrolled. The median duration of TTF was 11.5 months in the gefitinib arm, 11.7 months in the erlotinib arm, and 16.1 months in the afatinib arm (log-rank test, P < 0.001). After adjustments, afatinib showed lower risk of treatment failure compared with gefitinib (hazard ratio [HR] 0.54, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.41–0.71) and erlotinib (HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.46–0.83). The risk of treatment failure in patients treated with EGFR-TKIs who received concomitant systemic glucocorticoid therapy was higher than in those treated with EGFR-TKI monotherapy (HR 1.47, 95% CI 1.08–2.01). Afatinib or erlotinib use was associated with a lower risk of treatment failure in patients with advanced NSCLC harboring EGFR mutations compared to gefitinib use. Concurrent use of systemic glucocorticoids was linked to higher risk of treatment failure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14965
JournalScientific reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020

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