The effectiveness of mind-body approaches for enhancing resilience in older adults: A systematic review and network meta-analysis

Yi Chen Wu, Shu fen Shen, Szu Ying Lee, Liang Kung Chen, Heng Hsin Tung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Resilience in older adults is associated with good well-being and resilience training has been shown to be beneficial. Mind-body approaches (MBAs) combine physical and psychological training in age-appropriate exercise programs.This study aims to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of different modes of MBAs in enhancing resilience in older adults. Method: Electronic databases and a manual search were searched to identify randomized controlled trials of different MBA modes. Data from the included studies were extracted for fixed-effect pairwise meta-analyses. Quality and risk were assessed using Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) and Cochrane's Risk of Bias tool, respectively. Pooled effect sizes with a standardized mean difference (SMD) and a 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to quantify the impact of MBAs in enhancing resilience in older adults. Network meta-analysis was employed to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of different interventions. The study was registered in PROSPERO (Registration No. CRD42022352269). Results: Nine studies were included in our analysis. Pairwise comparisons indicated that MBAs, regardless of whether they were related to yoga, could significantly enhancing resilience in older adults (SMD: 0.26, 95% CI 0.09–0.44). With strong consistency, a network meta-analysis showed that physical and psychological programs and yoga-related programs were associated with resilience improvement (SMD: 0.44, 95% CI 0.01–0.88 and SMD: 0.42, 95% CI 0.06–0.79, respectively). Conclusion: High quality evidence demonstrates that two MBA modes—physical and psychological programs and yoga-related programs—enhance resilience in older adults. However, long-term clinical verification is required to confirm our results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104949
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume109
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Mind-body approach
  • Network meta-analysis
  • Older adult
  • Resilience

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