The different ablation effects on atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia in children with and without dual nodal pathways

Pi Chang Lee, Betau Hwang, Ching Tai Tai, Chern En Chiang, Shih Ann Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Previous studies in adults have shown a significant shortening of the fast pathway effective refractory period (ERP) after successful slow pathway ablation. However, information on atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) in children is limited. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the different effects of radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation in pediatric AVNRT patients between those with and without dual atrioventricular (AV) nodal pathways. Methods: From January 1992 to August 2004, a total 67 pediatric patients with AVNRT underwent an electrophysiologic study and RF catheter ablation at our institution. We compared the electrophysiologic characteristics between those obtained before and after ablation in the children with AVNRT with and without dual AV nodal pathways. Results: Dual AV nodal pathways were found in 37 (55%) of 67 children, including 36 (54%) with antegrade and 10 (15%) with retrograde dual AV nodal pathways. The antegrade and retrograde fast pathway ERPs in children with dual AV nodal pathways were both longer than the antegrade and retrograde ERPs in children without dual AV nodal pathways (300 ± 68 vs 264 ± 58 ms, P = 0.004; 415 ± 70 vs 250 ± 45 ms, P < 0.001) before ablation. In children with antegrade dual AV nodal pathways, the antegrade fast pathway ERP decreased from 300 ± 68 ms to 258 ± 62 ms (P = 0.008). The retrograde fast pathway ERP also decreased after successful ablation in the children with retrograde dual AV nodal pathways (415 ± 70 vs. 358 ± 72 ms, P = 0.026). Conclusion: The dual AV nodal physiology could not be commonly demonstrated in pediatric patients with inducible AVNRT. After a successful slow pathway ablation, the fast pathway ERP shortened significantly in the children with dual AV nodal pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)600-606
Number of pages7
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia
  • Children
  • Dual AV nodal pathways
  • Radiofrequency catheter ablation

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