The Correlation between RhoA Expression and Clinicopathological Characteristics in Gastric Cancer Patients after Curative Surgery

Kuo Hung Huang, Yuan Tzu Lan, Ming Huang Chen, Yee Chao, Su Shun Lo, Anna Fen Yau Li, Chew Wun Wu, Shih Hwa Chiou, Muh Hwa Yang, Yi Ming Shyr, Wen Liang Fang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The expression of RhoA, a member of the ras homologue family, is reported to be involved in tumorigenesis in some cancers; however, its prognostic value in gastric cancer is controversial. Methods: Between April 1988 and January 2005, a total of 206 gastric cancer patients receiving curative surgery were enrolled in this study. Immunohistochemical staining of the RhoA protein was performed, and the clinicopathological characteristics and initial recurrence patterns were compared between low RhoA expression (n = 55) and high RhoA expression (n = 151) gastric cancer patients. Results: For intestinal-type (n = 134) gastric cancer, there is no significant difference between the clinicopathological characteristics and RhoA expression. However, for diffuse-type (n = 82) gastric cancer, high RhoA expression was associated with more advanced pathological N category compared to low RhoA expression. A multivariate analysis revealed that age, pathological T and N categories, and RhoA expression were independent prognostic factors for overall survival after curative surgery. For all patients, the five-year overall survival rates and disease-free survival rates were higher in patients with low RhoA expression compared to those with high RhoA expression, which was observed in diffuse-type gastric cancer, not in intestinal-type gastric cancer. With regard to the initial recurrence pattern, patients with high RhoA expression had more distant metastasis compared to those with low RhoA expression, especially more liver metastasis. Conclusions: RhoA expression is an independent prognostic factor for gastric cancer, especially for diffuse-type. We should be aware of liver metastasis during the follow-up of gastric cancer with high RhoA expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2289-2299
Number of pages11
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
Volume39
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Sep 2015

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