The complex interplay among bacterial motility and virulence factors in different Escherichia coli infections

C. Y. Kao, W. H. Lin, C. C. Tseng, A. B. Wu, M. C. Wang, J. J. Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Motility mediated by the flagella of Escherichia coli is important for the bacteria to move toward host cells. Here, we present the relationship among bacterial motility, virulence factors, antimicrobial susceptibility, and types of infection. A total of 231 clinical E. coli isolates from different infections were collected and analyzed. Higher-motility strains (motility diameter ≥6.6 mm) were more common in spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) (SBP 59 %, colonization 32 %, urinary tract infection 16 %, urosepsis 34 %, and biliary tract infection 29 %; p < 0.0001). Compared with the higher-motility group, there was a higher prevalence of afa and ompT genes (p = 0.0160 and p = 0.0497, respectively) in E. coli strains with lower motility. E. coli isolates with higher and lower motility were in different phylogenetic groups (p = 0.018), with a lower prevalence of A and B1 subgroups in higher-motility strains. Also, the patterns of virulence factors and antibiotic susceptibility of E. coli isolates derived from various infections were significantly different. This study demonstrates that the prevalence of higher-motility strains was greater in E. coli isolates from SBP compared to other types of infection. Various types of E. coli infection were associated with differences in bacterial motility, virulence factors, and antibiotic susceptibility. More bacterial virulence factors may be necessary for the development of extraintestinal infections caused by E. coli isolates with lower motility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2157-2162
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Issue number12
StatePublished - 11 Nov 2014


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