The Communication-Aware Clustered Federated Learning Problem

Nir Shlezinger, Stefano Rini, Yonina C. Eldar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Federated learning (FL) refers to the adaptation of a central model based on data sets available at multiple remote users. Two of the common challenges encountered in FL are the fact that training sets obtained by different users are commonly heterogeneous, i.e., arise from different sample distributions, and the need to communicate large amounts of data between the users and the central server over the typically expensive up-link channel. In this work we formulate the problem of FL in which different clusters of users observe labeled samples drawn from different distributions, while operating under constraints on the communication overhead. For such settings, we identify that the combination of statistical heterogeneity and communication constraints induces a tradeoff between the ability of the users of each cluster to learn a proper model and the accuracy in aggregating these models into a global inference rule. We propose an algorithm based on multi-source adaptation methods for such communication-aware clustered FL scenarios which allows to balance these performance measures, and demonstrate its ability to achieve improved inference over conventional federated averaging without inducing additional communication overhead.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2020 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728164328
StatePublished - Jun 2020
Event2020 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2020 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: 21 Jul 202026 Jul 2020

Publication series

NameIEEE International Symposium on Information Theory - Proceedings
ISSN (Print)2157-8095


Conference2020 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLos Angeles


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