The Clinicopathologic Characteristics and Genetic Alterations of Gastric Cancer Patients According to the Lauren Classification

Han Fang Cheng, Kuo Hung Huang, Ming Huang Chen, Wen Liang Fang*, Chien Hsing Lin, Yee Chao, Su Shun Lo, Anna Fen Yau Li, Chew Wun Wu, Yi Ming Shyr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: The Lauren classification is an important histologic classification of gastric cancer (GC) with different biological behaviors between histologic types. Background: To date, there are few reports on the genetic alterations and survival differences between different histologic types according to the Lauren classification. Methods: In total, 433 GC patients undergoing surgery were enrolled. The clinicopathologic features, prognoses, and genetic alterations of the different Lauren types were compared. Results: Diffuse-type GC was associated with a younger age, female predominance, more Borrmann type 3 and 4 tumors, more advanced pathologic tumor (T) and node (N) categories, more tumor recurrences (especially peritoneal recurrence), and worse 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates than intestinal-type GC and mixed-type GC. Regarding genetic alterations, mixed-type GC was associated with more TP53 mutations than intestinal-type GC and diffuse-type GC. Multivariate analysis demonstrated the following independent prognostic factors: age, Lauren classification, and pathologic T and N categories. Regarding mixed-type GC, diffuse-type major tumors were associated with more lymphovascular invasion, a more advanced N category and tumor, node, metastasis stage, and fewer PI3K/AKT pathway mutations than intestinal-type major tumors. Conclusions: Diffuse-type GC had unfavorable clinicopathologic features and a worse prognosis than intestinal-type GC. For mixed-type GC, the clinicopathologic features and genetic alterations were different between intestinal-type major tumors and diffuse-type major tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022


  • Clinicopathologic feature
  • Gastric cancer
  • Genetic alteration
  • Lauren classification
  • Prognosis


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