The association between the IL-4, ADRβ2 and ADAM 33 gene polymorphisms and asthma in the Taiwanese population

Chi Huei Chiang*, Ming Wei Lin, Ming Yi Chung, Ueng Cheng Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The association between genetic polymorphisms of ADRβ2, IL-4, and ADAM3 and asthma remains undetermined. Furthermore, it is not clear as to whether these three gene polymorphisms combined produce a correlative increase in asthmatic risk. Methods: A total of 476 asthmatic patients and 115 healthy volunteers were enrolled. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the C-589T IL-4 promoter (rs2243250), the ADRβ2 gene [at nucleic acid 46 (rs1042713) and 79 (rs1042714)] and the ADAM33 gene [at rs2280091 (T1), rs3918396 (S1), rs3918391 (D1), and rs615436] were analyzed. Pulmonary function tests, methacholine challenge tests, total IgE, specific IgE for inhalant allergens and total eosinophil counts were assessed. Results: The T allele for the IL-4 gene promoter (C-589T locus), the C allele frequency for ADRβ2 (Gln27Glu locus), and the A allele for the ADAM33 gene (rs2280091, T1) were higher in asthma patients than in normal individuals. In asthmatic patients, the A allele of ADAM33 (rs2280091) was associated with higher eosinophil count and increased hyperresponsiveness compared to the C allele. Combination of the three risk genes SNP had an additive effect on the risk of asthma (OR: 3.46; CI: 1.51-7.93) and increased the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of asthma. Conclusion: Genetic polymorphism in the IL-4 promoter, ADRβ2, and ADAM33 is associated with asthma. Furthermore, ADAM33 genetic polymorphism modifies the phenotype of asthma in atopy and hyperresponsiveness. Asthma is a complex polygenic disease, and combinations of polymorphisms of various genes have an additive effect on the risk of asthma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-643
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Chinese Medical Association
Volume75
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • β2 adrenergic receptor
  • ADAM33
  • Asthma
  • IL-4
  • Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)

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