System Reliability of a Stochastic Multiple-Origin-Destination Tourism Transport Network With Tardiness

Thi Phuong Nguyen, Yi Kuei Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


As transport is a vital component in the modern tourism industry, determining reliable-performance tourism transport networks is critical for tour operators and travel agencies. The performance of a tourism transport network in this study is investigated by evaluating system reliability, which is the probability of successfully transporting requested passengers between multiple origins and multiple destinations within a time constraint when tardiness may occur. A stochastic multiple-origin-destination tourism transport network with tardiness (SMTNT) is formulated for system reliability evaluation. Identify all minimal travel paths (MTP) and corresponding maximum tardiness vectors that successfully connect each origin–destination pair under a time constraint. System reliability is derived from all flow vectors enabling delivery via MTPs a requested number of passengers at different tardiness levels. The proposed algorithm is successful in handling a combination of time constraints in the case of tardiness with multiple origin–destination pairs. Furthermore, it helps travel agencies obtain an insight into the performance of their SMTNT. An example describing the working of the proposed algorithm with an analysis of system reliability is provided. The results of the study can be used for improving the algorithm in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1556 - 1568
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Reliability
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Industrial engineering
  • Multiple origin–destination
  • Reliability
  • Roads
  • stochastic capacity
  • Stochastic processes
  • system reliability
  • tardiness
  • Time factors
  • tourism transport network
  • Transportation
  • Urban areas


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