As an anode for sodium-ion battery, we prepare the bimetallic sulfide FeCoS4@carbon nanotube graphene hybrid (FCS@CNTGH) via a simple two-step synthetic route. The carbon nanotube graphene hybrid (CNTGH) is generated by in situ solid-state growth with the nanosized FCS embedded into it. With such a spatial distribution, nanosized FeCoS4 (FCS) active material particles wrapped within the supporting CNTGH matrix prevent the growth of large Na2S and Fe/Co clusters, alleviate volume changes, and result in both superb rate performance and long cycle life. The reversible capacity of FCS@CNTGH is 745 mAh g−1 at 0.5 A g−1 during the initial cycle and exceeds 660 mAh g−1 even at 5.0 A g−1. A long-term cycle life test of FCS@CNTGH shows its capacity after 1000 cycles at 2.0 A g−1 is 680 mAh g−1. The feasibility of using the FCS@CNTGH anode for SIBs was further evaluated in a full cell vs. Na3V2(PO4)3/C (NVP/C) cathode. The capacity retention of the FCS@CNTGH || NVP/C full cell exceeded 80% after 4000 cycles. The high-rate capability and superior cycle life even in the full cell configuration demonstrate that FCS@CNTGH is an appropriate anode material for SIBs.
- Bimetallic sulfide anode
- Carbon nanotube graphene hybrid
- Ex situ analyses
- Sodium ion battery