Synthesis and characterization of quaternary selenides Sn2Pb5Bi4Se13 and Sn8.65Pb0.35Bi4Se15

Kuei Bo Chen, Chi-Shen Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Quaternary selenides Sn2Pb5Bi4Se13 and Sn8.65Pb0.35Bi4Se15 were synthesized from the elements in sealed silica tubes; their crystal structures were determined by single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. Both compounds crystallize in monoclinic space group C2/m (No.12), with lattice parameters of Sn2Pb5Bi4Se13: a = 14.001(6) Å, b = 4.234(2) Å, c = 23.471(8) Å, V = 1376.2(1) Å3, R1/wR2 = 0.0584/0.1477, and GOF = 1.023; Sn8.65Pb0.35Bi4Se15: a = 13.872(3) Å, b = 4.2021(8) (4) Å, c = 26.855(5) Å, V = 1557.1(5) Å3, R1/wR2 = 0.0506/0.1227, and GOF = 1.425. These compounds exhibit tropochemical cell-twinning of NaCl-type structures with lillianite homologous series L(4, 5) and L(4, 7) for Sn2Pb5Bi4Se13 and Sn8.65Pb0.35Bi4Se15, respectively. Measurements of electrical conductivity indicate that these materials are semiconductors with narrow band gaps; Sn2Pb5Bi4Se13 is n-type, whereas Sn8.65Pb0.35Bi4Se15 is a p-type semiconductor with Seebeck coefficients -80(5) and 178(7) μV/K at 300 K, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1666-1672
Number of pages7
JournalSolid State Sciences
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2009


  • Bismuth
  • Chalcogenide
  • Lead
  • Selenide
  • Tin


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