Synthesis and characterization of quaternary chalcogenides InSn2Bi3Se8 and In0.2Sn6Bi1.8Se9

Ming Fang Wang, Shyue Ming Jang, Jih Chen Huang, Chi-Shen Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Quaternary chalcogenides InSn2Bi3Se8 and In0.2Sn6Bi1.8Se9 were synthesized on direct combination of their elements in stoichiometric ratios at T>800 °C under vacuum. Their structures were determined with X-ray diffraction of single crystals. InSn2Bi3Se8 crystallizes in monoclinic space group C2/m (No. 12) with a=13.557(3) Å, b=4.1299(8) Å, c=15.252(3) Å, β=115.73(3)°, V=769.3(3) Å3, Z=2, and R1/wR2/GOF=0.0206/0.0497/1.092; In0.2Sn6Bi1.8Se9 crystallizes in orthorhombic space group Cmc21 (No. 36) with a=4.1810(8) Å, b=13.799(3) Å, c=31.953(6) Å, V=1843.4(6) Å3, Z=4, and R1/wR2/GOF=0.0966/0.2327/1.12. InSn2Bi3Se8 and In0.2Sn6Bi1.8Se9 are isostructural with CuBi5S8 and Bi2Pb6S9 phases, respectively. The structures of InSn2Bi3Se8 and In0.2Sn6Bi1.8Se9 feature a three-dimensional framework containing slabs of NaCl-(311) type with varied thicknesses. Calculations of the electronic structure and measurements of electrical conductivity indicate that these materials are semiconductors with narrow band gaps. Both compounds show n-type semiconducting properties with Seebeck coefficients -270 and -230 μV/K at 300 K for InSn2Bi3Se8 and In0.2Sn6Bi1.8Se9, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1450-1456
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2009


  • Bismuth
  • Chalcogenide
  • Indium
  • Quaternary
  • Tin


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